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Avoid Fake News and Evaluate Information: Classroom Resources on Evaluating Information

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Mission: Information Teachers Kit - three different units, each focusing on a different level of information literacy. Middle school and above

E.S.C.A.P.E. lesson plan - Developed by the Newseum, a museum in Washington, DC dedicated to understanding the press and media, this guide uses the E.S.C.A.P.E. method of understanding fake news.

E.S.C.A.P.E. poster - Get your own free poster!

Teaching Tolerance: News Literacy - A guide to working with children and young adults on information literacy

Checkology - The News Literacy Project, combined with Facebook, have developed a fake news identification project geared for middle school and up.

National Geographic Kids: Real or Fake - Ask your students to determine which stories are true and which are false. Intended for grade school audiences.

Web Literacy for Student Fact checkers - Geared for college age or mature high school students, this is an all-encompassing free textbook covering tools and methods to fighting misinformation, including the now-famous Four Moves and a Habit strategy.

Fake It to Make It - Set a financial goal and write fake news stories to meet it.

Bad News - Spread misinformation via a choose-your-own-adventure setup.

Factitious - From American University, a game in which you sort real news from the fake stuff.

Fake News! the Game - Manipulate the public by becoming a fake news guru. For iOS only.

NY Times: Spot the fake meme - A surprisingly difficult quiz on spotting images from fake social media sites.

Newsfeed Defenders - Become a social media admin and get your group's profile recognized as a beacon of accuracy and focus with this game.

Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education - From the Association for College and Research Libraries (ACRL), a division of the American Library Association. This is an in-depth look at the factors that go into discerning the reliability of a claim.

Society of Professional Journalists: Professional Code of Ethics - What makes real news real? In part, it's because of journalistic ethics. The Society of Journalistic Ethics provides a code of professional ethics for journalists to adhere to.

AllSides - This site provides articles and an assessment of their bias, from left to right.

NPR: Five ways teachers are fighting fake news - Five in-class exercises used by real teachers for teaching about fake news

New York Times: Evaluating sources in a post-truth world - Geared for classroom use, this is a sample lesson plan on analyzing fake news

Carroll University: Post-Truth and Fake News - LibGuide developed by instructional librarian Joe Hardenbrook, this guide provides an excellent set of demonstrations and how-to advice on debunking news.

Shorenstein Center (Harvard): Combating Fake News: An Agenda for Research and Action - Conclusions from a fake news conference held February 17-18, 2017 and a plan to tackle fake news in the future.

60 Minutes: How fake news finds your social media feeds - A thorough investigation into the fake news industry, including bots, Facebook and interviews with fake news authors Jestin Coler and Michael Cernovich and University of Oxford professor Phil Howard.

ABCNews: When Fake News Makes Real News Headline - About a fake story which was treated as real news. Traces some of the pipeline for developing and distributing fake news

The Atlantic: The Food Babe, Enemy of Chemicals - An examination of claims made by The Food Babe, with pointed analysis by professor Kevin Folta of the University of Florida.

The Atlantic: The Rise of Progressive "Fake News" - This interview with Snopes editor Brooke Binkowski examines the emotional pull of fake news.

BBC.com: How do Fake News Sites Make Money? - An investigation into how profitable fake news can be.

CNN: The Fake News Machine - Veles, Macedonia used to be a town known for its pottery. Not anymore.

CNN: Fake News, Real Violence - "Pizzagate" was a fake news story which connected a pizzeria with a child pornography ring allegedly run by Hillary Clinton and John Podesta. On Sunday, December 3, 2016, an armed shooter entered the pizzeria and fired a shot before being accosted by the police.

Global Challenges: Inoculating the Public against Misinformation about Climate Change - Covers a new theory about combating fake news known as "attitudinal inoculation" and follows two studies testing this method.

The New Yorker: The Operator - An examination into Dr. Mehmet Oz, who both performs open heart surgery and hosts a television show on medical matters.

New York Times: How Fake News Goes Viral - From a single Tweeter with 35 friends to being shared over 400,000 times through various forums, this article traces a Tweet made November 9th, 2016.

NPR: How to Tell Real News from Fake News in 'Post-Truth' Era - This article discusses "post-truth", the idea that all news outlets will fail you eventually and it's impossible to know who to trust. It provides some commonsense advice on what to look for in a news outlet.

NPR: Students Have Dismaying Inability to Tell Fake News Apart - Many students cannot tell fake news from real news.

NPR: We Tracked Down a Fake-News Creator - About Jestin Coler, who began creating and distributing fake news in 2013.

TED: How to tell fake news from real news - A brief selection of things to look for when determining the fakeness of news.

Washington Post: The information war is real, and we're losing - Discusses the findings of Dr. Kate Starbird, who traced the sources and popularity of fake news.

Washington Post: This is not an interview with Banksy - Article about practical joker James Horner, whose hoaxes have been featured on major news sites as real news.