Forms of misinformation that weaponize Fake News:
Propaganda: Misleading or highly biased information that is specifically designed to confirm or promote a particular ideological viewpoint
Clickbait: articles that feature headlines designed to get people to click on them, often by presenting a misleading or warped sense of what the post is about. (This does not necessarily constitute that the article is fake, but fake news often uses a clickbait format.)
Conspiracy Theory: an explanation or interpretation of events that is based on questionable or nonexistent evidence of a supposed "secret plan" by a group to obscure events.
Satire: writing or art designed to make social commentary based on mockery or imitation of real-life events or actors. (Some fake news sites claim to be satirists but do not advertise themselves as satire.)
Misleading or Out-of-Context Information: this kind of information does not on its own constitute fake news as it is not wholly fabricated and it can exist within a news report that is based on actual events that occurred, but widely shared stories that contain misinformation can feed the larger ecosystem by creating a friendly audience for fabrications.
Based on the "Fake News" guide from Indiana University East, https://iue.libguides.com/fakenews, and the "Evaluating Information and Avoiding Fake News" guide from Western Kentucky University, https://libguides.wku.edu/fake-news. Used by permission.